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What's the difference between the following reactions?
- Hydration
- Dehydration
- Hydrolysis
- Condensation

In my opinion, it seems like
Hydration is similar to Hydrolysis because H2O is on the reactant side.
Dehydration is similar to Condensation because H2O is a product.

Perhaps the difference is the catalyst used? If so, what are the catalysts for each reaction above?
Thanks!


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1 Answer

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Best answer

The difference is that hydration is when H2O is added to the molecule (like ethene + H2O becomes ethanol), while hydrolysis is when H2O is used to cleave a bond (like when you reverse an esterification reaction and break it into the constituent alcohol and carboxylic acid)

This is the same for dehydration vs condensation (dehydration is subtracting the H2O from the molecule, condensation allowing H2O to fall out to merge two molecules together)


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I'm confused with the H2O is "added" or "used"
Is hydration adding water to the substance and hydrolysis is dissolving a substance in water?
It''s not "added vs used", it's more "added vs cleaves" - dissolving is not the right word. Added means it will join the molecule. Cleave means it will carve a molecule into two.
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